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:: Volume 3, Number 6 (njv 2016) ::
nvj 2016, 3(6): 37-47 Back to browse issues page
The effect of education about the risk factors of myocardial infarction based on Health Belief Model on knowledge and attitudes of patients with myocardial infarction in Shahid Mustafa Hospital in Ilam, 2014-2015
Abstract:   (1155 Views)
Introduction: Myocardial infarction, one of the most common causes of hospitalization for heart diseases, is usually considered threatening for patients and their families. Patient education increases patient consent, improves quality of life, decreases the incidence of complications, decreases hospitalization time, increases the participation in health care programs and increases patient in dependence in everyday activities. Objective: Thisstudy aimed toinvestigate the effect ofeducation about the risk factors of myocardial infarction based onhealth belief model on the knowledge and attitudes of patients with myocardial infarctionin Shahid Mustafa Hospital in Illam city in 2014-2015. Method: This quasi – experimental study recruited 80 patients with myocardial in farction randomly divided intocase (n=40) and control (n=40) groups. Both groups received routine training of the ward, but the case group received additional face-to-face training based on health belief model. Data were collected using a researcher-made question naire whose validity and reliability were confirmed in previous studies. Data were analyzed in SPSSv.20 using Chi-square, t-testand pairedt-test. Results: Beforethe intervention, patients’mean scores ofknowledge and attitude in both groupswere not significantly different(P>0.05). After the intervention, the mean scores of awareness and attitude respectively changed to 13.17±4.85 and 76.27±12.07 in the case group and 9.80±5.51 and 49.37±9.29in the control group. Conclusion: Given the importance of cardiac patients’performance and also the results of the present study, it is recommended that effective modelsbe used to improve cardiac patients’ performance.
Keywords: health belief model, education, knowledge and attitudes, myocardial infarction
Full-Text [PDF 259 kb]   (930 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: journal
Received: 2016/04/4 | Accepted: 2016/06/9 | Published: 2016/06/20
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The effect of education about the risk factors of myocardial infarction based on Health Belief Model on knowledge and attitudes of patients with myocardial infarction in Shahid Mustafa Hospital in Ilam, 2014-2015. nvj. 2016; 3 (6) :37-47
URL: http://njv.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-695-en.html
Volume 3, Number 6 (njv 2016) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پرستاری گروههای آسیب پذیر Nursing of the Vulnerables
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