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:: Volume 2, Number 5 (njv 2016) ::
nvj 2016, 2(5): 1-14 Back to browse issues page
The eEffect of Acupressure on physical function of knee among elderly in elderly patients with osteoarthritis: a randomized clinical trial
Abstract:   (1632 Views)
Introduction: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the main leading causes of disability among the elderly that causes joint stiffness and muscle weakness and decreased knee function. Acupressure is a non-invasive nursing intervention that cause energy balance in the body through pressure points massage and improving the comfort and health. Objective: the aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of acupressure on physical function of knee among elderly nursing home residents with osteoarthritis. Method: The present study is a Randomized controlled trial whose population included all the elderly with osteoarthritis of the knee settled in nursing homes in Tehran. The sample size consisted of 51 cases (men and women) over 60 years in three real points acupressure (all 15 cases from first nursing home), placebo (all 15 cases from second nursing home), and control groups (all 21 cases from third nursing home) that randomly allocated in three different groups. For both of the intervention groups, massage was performed in form of 10 sessions of 15 minutes three days a week on 8 real and perceived points. To assess the knee function in patients before and after of intervention WOMAC was used. Data were analyzed using SPSS19 statistical software, and chi-square test, independent t-test, paired t-test and analysis of variance. Results: groups did not differ in terms of knee function before the intervention. Groups comparison after intervention showed significant differences in mean function (P<0/001).Also average of knee function before the intervention in actual intervention group were (36/07±10/55), in unreal intervention group were) 36/43 ± 9/44) and in the control group they were (32/00± 10/06). After intervention they reached the following values; in real intervention group (16/79 ± 9/18), unreal intervention group (26/93 ± 9/06) and in the control group (32/48 ± 10/07). The acupressure group comparison before and after intervention showed significant improvement in knee function (P<0/001). Conclusion: According to the effects of acupressure on improveing knee function among elderly with osteoarthritis under this study and low cost, safety and simplicity of the procedure, it is proposed to use among older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee.
Keywords: Acupressure, knee function, elderly, osteoarthritis
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: journal
Received: 2016/01/18 | Accepted: 2016/02/9 | Published: 2016/03/16
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The eEffect of Acupressure on physical function of knee among elderly in elderly patients with osteoarthritis: a randomized clinical trial. nvj. 2016; 2 (5) :1-14
URL: http://njv.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-672-en.html
Volume 2, Number 5 (njv 2016) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پرستاری گروههای آسیب پذیر Nursing of the Vulnerables
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