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:: Volume 2, Number 4 (NJv 2015) ::
nvj 2015, 2(4): 55-64 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Mothers Visiting Dental Clinics in Isfahan about Two-Five-Year-Old Children’s Dental Care
Lyli Rabiei, Reza Masoodi *, Majid Shirani
Abstract:   (1323 Views)
Introduction: Since many deformities, oral diseases, and oral hygiene habits are formed in two-five-year-old children, mothers have a critical role in promoting their children's oral health. Objective: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of mothers toward dental and oral care of two-five-year-old children. Method: This descriptive-analytic study was conducted in 2013-14. Mothers who visited dental clinics in Isfahan (Iran) were selected through stratified multistage sampling. Three questionnaires were administered to assess mothers' knowledge, attitude, and performance regarding their children’s oral health. Five other items were also included to evaluate the participants’ personal and family characteristics. The collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Spearman’s correlation analysis, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) in SPSS 17.0. P values less than 0.05 were considered significant. Results: Low (0-5), moderate (6-10), and high levels of knowledge about oral health were found in (8.6%), (47.4%), and (44%) mothers, respectively. While none of the mothers had negative attitudes (0-23), neutral (23-69) and positive (69-88) attitudes were present in (40.1%) and (59.9%) participants, respectively. There was a significantly relationship between knowledge and employment status (P < 0.001). Low, moderate, and high levels of performance were found (27.2%), (68.4%), and (4.4%) individuals, respectively. A significant relationship was detected between women’s attitude and employment status (P = 0.012). Moreover, employed mothers had a better performance toward the oral health of their children compared to other mothers (P = 0.031). Mothers’ education and economic status were also significantly related with their knowledge, attitude, and performance toward their children's oral hygiene. Conclusion: Mothers’ knowledge and performance toward their children’s oral health was undesirable. Therefore, health education programs are required to promote the knowledge of mothers in this regard. Key words: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Mothers, Oral health, Two-five-year-old children
Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Mothers, Oral health, Two-five-year-old children
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: journal
Received: 2015/10/8 | Accepted: 2015/12/4 | Published: 2015/12/21
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Rabiei L, Masoodi R, Shirani M. Evaluation of the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Mothers Visiting Dental Clinics in Isfahan about Two-Five-Year-Old Children’s Dental Care . nvj. 2015; 2 (4) :55-64
URL: http://njv.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-658-en.html
Volume 2, Number 4 (NJv 2015) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پرستاری گروههای آسیب پذیر Nursing of the Vulnerables
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