Introduction : During the first week of life all newborns have increased bilirubin levels by adult standards, withapproximately 50-60% of termand 80% of preterm babies developing jaundice . Although neonatal jaundice is mostly physiological, it is importantto detect pathological causes of jaundice and those babies at risk of significant hyperbilirubinaemiawith the aim of preventing bilirubin encephalopathy .
Objective : Knowledge, attitude and behavior of mothers perform a very important role in the diagnosis and treatment and prevention of neonatal jaundice,therefore, this study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and behavior of mothers.
Method : This is a descriptive study conducted on 365 women who had recently given birth and hospitalized atVali-e-Asr Hospital, inKazeroon city . The researchtool wasa questionnairethatbeforeimplementation , its validity and reliability was verified based onCronbach's alpha coefficient.SPSS softwareanddescriptivetest , Chi-Square and the correlation coefficientand logistic regression tests were used .
Results : The average age ofmothers was48/5 ± 43/28years and educationof55.7 percentwas under high school diploma . The majority ofmothers believedthatjaundiceis a dangerousdisease , and for the first stepto deal withjaundice , they considered it important to acton the advice ofother peopleandrefrain fromconsumingfoodwithwarm fuzzies , to be effectivein reducing thedisease . The results showed that43%of mothershadlowawareness ,81/4% poor attitudeand 87/4%underperforming .
Conclusion : Since the mothers' knowledge, attitude and performance were not good, to attain optimal attitude and performance, an education program should be planned for health care workers and in consequence, to raise awareness of mothers and correct their false beliefs.